Get answers to your nutrition and healthy eating questions. Visit www.eatrightontario.ca or call us toll-free at 1-877-510-510-2.
Get answers to your nutrition & healthy eating questions.
Call us toll-free† at 1-877-510-510-2 to speak directly with a Registered Dietitian.
Protein is an essential nutrient to keep your body functioning well. Proteins are part of every cell in your body and are needed to build and repair muscle, tissue, skin, nails and hair. Protein also helps build hormones and enzymes. Here are some tips for healthy protein choices.
Mostly protein: Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu
Some protein: Legumes, nuts, nut butters, milk, cheese, cottage cheese, soy beverages, yogurt
Little protein: Whole grain breads, rice, pasta, quinoa, barley
Adults (19 years and over) need 0.8 grams of protein for every kilogram of body weight. For example, if you weigh 68 kg (150 lbs), then you would need about 55 g of protein per day.
Check out some of the sample meal ideas below to figure out how much protein you may be getting from some common foods.
As long as you’re getting enough calories and eating from all four food groups, healthy adults, athletes and vegetarians don't usually need extra protein. Talk to a Registered Dietitian about the amount of protein that children, pregnant women and breastfeeding women need.
Use the tips below to help you make healthy protein choices.
Fish are a good source of protein but even more important – they are an excellent source of omega-3 fats. Regular consumption of fish with omega-3 fats can help to reduce the risk of heart disease. Good choices include char, herring, mackerel, rainbow trout, salmon and sardines. If you are choosing fish instead of other high fat foods, this will be good for your weight and your heart. Just remember to prepare your fish in a heart healthy way such as baking, broiling, grilling or poaching.
For information on fish and mercury risk: Get the reel scoop on fish and mercury
Did you grow up in a family where meat took centre stage on the dinner plate? Try having meat-free meals more often. Many of these non-animal sources of protein are high in fibre and low in saturated fat. They will help keep your weight under control by keeping you fuller for longer and they are good for your heart.
Nuts, seeds and their butters are good sources of protein and healthy monounsaturated fats. They make great afternoon snacks and yummy additions to salad, cereal and yogurt. Just remember, they are high in fat and calories so stick to a reasonable portion size such as a ¼ cup (60 g) for nuts and seeds or 2 tbsp for nut butters.
People often think that being a vegetarian or vegan means that it can be hard to get enough protein. Not true! There are many vegetarian sources of protein. Eggs, low-fat cheese, yogurt and milk are good animal protein sources. Vegans can enjoy beans, lentils, dried peas, tofu, nuts and seeds. Vegetables and grain products all contain small amounts of protein too.
Vegetarian diets have been linked to lower risk for obesity, heart disease and some types of cancer. Even if you’re not a vegetarian try having a meal centred on plant sources of protein at least once a week.
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